Teaching Writing Using clustering Technique for the Eighth Grade Students of SMP Dharma Wanita Pare Academic Year 2016/2017
ALFIAN WIDI SUSILO
Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri
Author Identity (NPM)
Alfian Widi Susilo : Teaching Writing Using Clustering Technique for The Eighth Grade Students of SMP Dharma Wanita Pare Academic Year 2016/2017.
Keywords: Writing, Clustering Technique
Indonesians have low level of writing interest compared to other people in the neighbor countries. Writing is considered as the most complex skill to learn because it requires background knowledge, vocabulary, spelling, grammar, punctuation, coherence, etc. Therefore, an appropriate learning technique is needed in order to improve the writing skill such as Clustering Technique. The aims of this research are : to know the students’ writing ability before and after being taught by clustering technique and also to know whether or not there is any influence of teaching writing descriptive text using clustering technique on the eighth grade students’ writing ability at SMP Dharma Wanita Pare academic year 2016/2017.
Furthermore, this research used quantitative research particularly experimental with one-group pretest-posttest design. The sample of this research was VIII-E class which consisted of 22 students with 9 males and 13 females. In order to collect the data, the researcher used written test in essay form about describing animal as the instrument of the research and used t-test to analyze the data of the research.
The result of the research showed that the mean score gained from pre-test and post-test improved. The mean score of pre-test was 50 while the mean of post-test was 65.45. Besides, it was found that the t-test (11.778) and the t-table with the degree of freedom (1.721) at the level of significance of 5%. Therefore, the alternative hypothesis (Ha) was accepted and the null hypothesis was rejected.
Therefore, it can be concluded that clustering technique gives significant effect on the student’s writing ability especially to the eighth grade students at SMP Dharma Wanita Pare in academic year 2016/2017. It is suggested that the English teacher should use clustering technique in teaching writing because it is such an interesting way to make the learners write.