THE EFFECTIVENESS OF OUTLINE IN WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT AT TENTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SMAN 3 KEDIRI
WIDYANA AT TAUFIK
Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri
Author Identity (NPM)
Writing is process to explore the idea into written form and can be understood by the reader. It is also one of language skills that make the students got difficulties. They had to pay attention to some aspects of writing and determine the main idea and supporting sentence. To solve the problem, the teacher needs different activity by using an outline. This research aimed to know the students? writing ability in descriptive text before and after they were being taught by using outline and to find out whether outline is effective in teaching writing descriptive or not. The research method was quantitative research by using experimental research. The sample of the research was tenth grade students that consist of 34 students in MIPA 1.7. To collect and analyze the data, the researcher used written test in the form of essay about describing historical places as the instrument of the research and used scoring rubric of writing also used t-test formula to know the result of the research. Based on the research finding, the result of pre-test and post-test was different. The mean score of pre-test was 63.08. The mean score of post-test was 78.9. The pre-test score was lower than post-test score. Based on the data, t-score was 14.91 and t-table was 2.042 at level of significance 5%. Therefore, an alternative hypothesis (Ha) was accepted and a null hypothesis (Ho) was rejected. Thus it can be concluded that outline activity is effective toward the students? writing ability in descriptive text.
Keywords: writing, descriptive text, an outline