THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING MAKE A MATCH TECHNIQUE IN TEACHING WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT TO EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS AT SMP MUHAMMADIYAH KEDIRI IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2016/2017
LUTFIA ALIF NURSIKHA
Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri
Author Identity (NPM)
Writing cannot be separated from people in order to communicate with other in written form. Writing skill requires more capabilities than other language skills and needs special preparation such as sentence, structure, vocabulary, and paragraph development. Writing is an activity that produces a product that expresses the development of ideas of the writer. However, in fact, there are some problems faced by students in writing activity. Most of students are unable to write a text in good order. They have difficulties to develop their idea in writing, lack of vocabulary, grammar mastery and mechanic (spelling, punctuation, and capitalization). Therefore, in order to solve those problems, teachers need to equip themselves with various teaching technique to reach the goal of learning English. Thus, make a match is one of teaching technique that can be used in teaching writing.
The purpose of this research is to find out whether there is significant effect of make a match technique on the eighth grade students’ writing ability in descriptive text at SMP Muhammadiyah Kediri in academic year 2016/2017 or not.
Furthermore, this research used quantitative research. Pre-experimental research was used as a method in this study, with one-group pretest-posttest design as the design of the research. This research carried out in one class as the sample that is VIII-D class consisting 26 students with 15 males and 11 females. In collecting and analyzing the data, the researcher used written test in the form of short essay especially about describing animal as the instrument of the research and used scoring rubric of writing and t-test formula to know the result of the research.
The result showed that the mean score gained from post-test was higher that of pre-test. The mean score gained from post-test was 67.64 while pre-test was 55.76. Moreover, it was found that the t-score (12.89) > t-table at the degree of significance 1% (2.485) or 5% (1.708). Therefore, the alternative hypothesis (Ha) was accepted and the null hypothesis (Ho) was rejected.
So, it can be concluded that make a match technique give significant effect on the students’ writing ability in descriptive text specifically to the eighth grade students at SMP Muhammadiyah Kediri in academic year 2016/2017. Therefore, it is suggested that English teacher should try to use and apply make a match technique to teach writing descriptive text.